Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) encompass many conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and stroke. These disorders are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, significantly impacting public health and healthcare systems.
CVDs are often associated with a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors that contribute to the development and progression of the disease. Common risk factors include hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity.
Managing cardiovascular diseases typically involves a multifaceted approach, including lifestyle modifications, pharmacological interventions, and, in some cases, surgical or interventional procedures. Preventive strategies, such as adopting a heart-healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight, are crucial in reducing the risk of developing CVDs and improving overall Cardiovascular Health.
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